The bar chart below shows the average hours of housework done by women

IELTS Academic Writing Task 1

The bar chart below shows the average hours of housework done by women (unemployed, part time employed and full time employed) and full-time working men.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.

Things you should know about Academic Writing Task 1:

  • You are asked to describe information presented in graph/ table/ chart/ diagram.
  • You have 20 minutes to finish the task and you have to write at least 150 words.
  • If you are asked to use the information presented in the graph you must be careful not to copy it.

In Academic Writing task 1, candidates are assessed on their ability to:

  • Organise, present and possibly compare data.
  • Describe the stages of a process or procedure.
  • Describe an object or event or sequence of events.
  • Explain how something works.

Model Answer :

The given column graph illustrates the average time spent by men and women at different levels of employment on household chores over a period of two decades. It can be clearly seen that full time employed men spent the least amount of time on housework.

Women with no employment spent the maximum time on housework in the three given years. They spent 7 hours per day in 1985 and 2005 and 6.5 hours a day in 1995. A little less time was spent by part time employed women. They spent 5.5, 5 and 6 hours per day on household chores in 1985, 1995 and 2005 respectively. Women with full time employment spent lesser time on domestic work than the other two categories of women. They spent 2 hours per day in 1985; 1.5 hours per day in 1995 and 2.5 hours/day in 2005. Full time employed men spent one hour per day in 1985 and 1995 and 1.5 hours per day in 2005. No data is given for the unemployed men and men with part time employment.

Overall, it can be seen that full time employed women spent lesser time in household chores than unemployed and part-time employed women, but still they worked more than their male counterparts.

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