The graph below shows the percentage of dependents in 2000

IELTS Academic Writing Task 1

The graph below shows the percentage of dependents in 2000 and the predicted figures in 2050 in five countries, and also gives the world average.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main figures and make comparisons where relevant.

Things you should know about Academic Writing Task 1:

  • You are asked to describe information presented in graph/ table/ chart/ diagram.
  • You have 20 minutes to finish the task and you have to write at least 150 words.
  • If you are asked to use the information presented in the graph you must be careful not to copy it.

In Academic Writing task 1, candidates are assessed on their ability to:

  • Organise, present and possibly compare data.
  • Describe the stages of a process or procedure.
  • Describe an object or event or sequence of events.
  • Explain how something works.

Model Answer :

(Dependents: Children below 15 or adults above 65)

The given column graph illustrates the percentage of dependents (children below 15 or adults above 65) in five countries in 2000 and also gives projections for 2050. It also depicts the world average in the given two years.

In 2000, India had the maximum percentage of dependents (38%), with Japan, Indonesia and China following closely behind with around 34% of dependents. Korea had the least percentage of reliant people (22%). The overall world population of children below 15 and adults over 65 was 25%.

Looking into the future, an increase in the population of dependents is predicted for Indonesia, Korea, China and Japan. In contrast, in India, the needy population is thought to fall from 38% to 32%. In Korea, the population is expected to double by 2050, from 22% to 44%. Approximately 15% rise in such a population is predicted for Japan, whereas China is thought to show the least increase (2%). The world average of dependents is expected to go up from about 25% to nearly 42%.

Overall, the percentage of dependents is expected to decrease in India whereas in the other four countries it is projected to increase.

(Note the language for the future and the synonyms for dependents)

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