Latest PTE Read Aloud June 2023

Welcome to our special post on Latest PTE Read Aloud June 2023!

This post is dedicated to providing you with a comprehensive list of Read Aloud passages that have been seen in previous Pearson Test of English (PTE) Academic exams and might reappear in future tests.

Our predictions are based on careful analysis of past trends and patterns, aiming to give you a strategic edge in your preparation for this key section of the test.

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PTE Read Aloud 2023

1. Bill

The bill calls for the establishment of the National Landslide Hazards Reduction Program within one year of becoming law. The program serves numerous functions, including to identify and understand landslide hazards and risks, reduce losses from landslides, protect communities at risk of landslides hazards, and improve communication and emergency preparedness.

2. Innovative Product

An innovative new product or service can give a firm a head start over its rivals, which can be difficult for a new entrant to overcome. If the new technology is also patented, then other firms cannot simply copy its design. It is legally protected.

3. Agricultural Problems

Agricultural problems due to climate change of normal weather, water depletion and the collapse of soil have become big problems in all parts of the world. Many are now focusing on ethics and family farming as a way to combat these issues.

4. Child Psychology

Within this free course, you will be introduced briefly to the discipline of child psychology and to theories and approaches that have been developed to help us understand and support children’s lives by focusing on the individual children. Psychologists can assess changes in their child’s abilities over time, including their physical, cognitive, social, and emotional development.

5. Political Problems

The course considers the ways in which thinkers have responded to the particular political problems of their day and the ways in which they contribute to a broader conversation about human goods and needs, justice, democracy, and the proper relationship of the individual to the state.

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6. Root Network

The networks of roots that plants use to absorb water and nutrients can encompass a space larger than the part of the plant visible above ground. The nature of these roots systems can help plants adapt to challenging environments such as deserts. For instance, mesquite trees can develop tap roots capable of digging more than 50 yards deep to reach water.

7. Urban Forests

A community’s urban forest is an extension of its pride and community spirit. Trees enhance community economic stability by attracting businesses and tourists as people tend to linger and shop longer along tree-lined streets. Apartments and offices in wooded areas rent more quickly and businesses leasing office spaces in developments with trees reported higher productivity and fewer absences.

8. Single Research

Rarely, however, does a single research study produce the certainty needed to assume that the same results will apply in all or most settings. Rather, research is usually an ongoing process, based on many accumulated understandings and explanations that, when taken together, lead to a generalisation about educational issues and practice, and ultimately, to the development of theories.

9. Enough Fluid

Your body is nearly two-thirds water. And so it is really important that you consume enough fluid to stay hydrated and healthy. If you don’t get enough fluid you may feel tired, get headaches, and not perform at your best.

10. Attendance

To some extent, attendance at cultural venues and events is influenced by a person’s age and the composition of the household in which they live. For example, those people in households with dependent children were more likely to visit zoological parks and aquariums than people living in single person households.

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11. Tutor

Your tutor helps you make the most of your time at university by giving you guidance and support along the way. All new students are allocated a personal tutor who will encourage you to get the most out of your course, direct you to other sources of support and help you achieve your goals.

12. Rates of Depression

At a time when stress levels are soaring, rates of depression are increasing and the gap between rich and poor is ever widening. We believe that giving can play a positive role in helping people to feel connected to those around them and generate a sense of purpose and hope. When we give, we feel valued, useful and happy.

13. William Shakespeare

380 years after his death, William Shakespeare remains the central author of the English- speaking world; he is the most quoted poet and the most regularly produced playwright and now among the most popular screenwriters as well. Why is that, and who “is” he? Why do so many people think his writing is so great? What meanings did his plays have in his own time, and how do we read, speak, or listen to his words now?

14. Expression

The expression became important during the romantic movement with artwork expressing a definite feeling, as in the sublime or dramatic. The audience response was important because the artwork was intended to evoke an emotional response. This definition holds true today as artists look to connect with and evoke responses from their viewers.

15. Norms and Values

Members of a culture must conform to its norms for the culture to exist and function. Hence, members must want to conform and obey rules. They first must internalise the social norms and values that dictate what is normal for the culture. Then they must socialise or teach norms and values to their children.

16. Theatre

Experts discuss the significance of attending the theatre as a civic occasion, associated with the political and cultural achievements of Athens. Through archaeology and analyses of contemporary art forms such as decoration on pottery, a picture is built up of ancient Greek theatre.

17. Department Stores

In this course, we will explore how such things as department stores, nationally advertised brand name goods, mass-produced cars and suburbs transformed the American economy, society and politics. The course is organised both thematically and chronologically. Each period deals with a new development in the history of consumer culture.

18. Tortoise

The tortoise size and shell shape varies depending on where they live. The shell is made of bone and is a dull brown colour. Their ribs, backbone and breastbone have become part of the shell, which is why you can never separate the tortoise from its shell.

19. Emigrants

In the late 16th and 17th centuries, many English, French and Dutch emigrants went to North America in search of gold and silver. But they did not find it. Instead, settlers were forced to support themselves by cultivating crops that they could sell in Europe, like tobacco, indigo and rice.

20. Natural Environment

The natural environment can be hazardous, and, with increased travel and leisure, people today are more likely than ever to be exposed to potentially life-threatening conditions. Although the human body can adjust to some extent, it cannot cope with poisons or prolonged exposure to extremes of environment.

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21. Learner’s Experience

We seek to improve learner’s experience of education at college and help them to aspire, achieve and progress. We must embed equality and diversity in everything we do, both as a provider and an employer. We hope to prepare our students for work, higher education and citizenship by equipping our staff with the skills to meet this agenda.

22. Volcano Behaviours

There were various explanations for volcano behaviour before the structure of the earth’s mantle as a semisolid material was developed. For decades, awareness that compression and radioactive materials may be heat sources was discounted and volcanic action was often attributed to chemical reactions and a thin layer of molten rock near the surface.

23. New Textbook

This is a new, accessible and engaging textbook written by academics who also work as consultants with organisations undergoing change. It offers a unique combination of rigorous theoretical exploration together with practical insights from working with those who are responsible for managing change.

24. Word Radical

The word radical from the Latin word for roots means anyone who advocates fundamental change in the political system. Literally, a radical is one who proposes to attack some political or social problem by going deep into the social or economic fabric to get at the root cause and alter this basic weakness.

25. Making Notes

The whole purpose of making notes is to aid your learning. It is important to go back over them within a day of making them to make sure they make sense and make them legible for future revisions. Also, going back over them should highlight the key questions of areas in which you want to do further reading.

26. Humanities

We believe in the inherent value of research in the humanities and social sciences. Our research data agenda is given by the pursuit of new knowledge that will be of benefit to Australia and the world. We offer one of the most comprehensive programs in the humanities and social sciences in Australia and the Asia Pacific region.

27. Hybrid Rice

A new breed of rice that is a hybrid of an annual Asian rice and a perennial African rice could be a more sustainable option. The hybrid rice was able to produce grain for 8 consecutive harvests over four years at a yield comparable to the standard annual Asian rice, with much lower costs and labour.

28. Medical Cannabis

According to a peer reviewed study, medical cannabis led to “a statistically significant improvement” in quality of life, employment status, and in the reduction of the number of medications in those with Tourette’s Syndrome, in addition to improving comorbidities.

29. Baby Hearing

Most babies start developing their hearing while still in the womb, prompting some hopeful parents t–o play classical music to their pregnant bellies. Some research even suggests that infants are listening to adult speech as early as 10 weeks before birth, gathering the basic building blocks of their family’s native tongue.

30. Motivation to Fight

USA sexually teased its troops in the First World War to make them fight harder. Believing that sexually satisfied men could not be easily motivated, the aim of this teasing was to generate unmet sexual desire, which the War Department could leverage as motivation to fight.

31. Abortions

The Texas law prohibiting abortion after detectable embryonic cardiac activity was associated with a decrease in state abortions and an increase in residents obtaining out- of-state abortions. The proportion of out-of-state abortions obtained at 12 weeks increased significantly from 17.1% to 31%.

32. Stroke Risk

People in their 20s and 30s who drink moderate to heavy amounts of alcohol may be more likely to have a stroke as young adults than people who drink low amounts or no alcohol, according to a study. The risk of stroke increased the more years people reported moderate or heavy drinking.

33. Seismic Mars

Until now, Mars has been generally considered a geologically dead planet. An international team of researchers led by ETH Zurich now reports that seismic signals indicate volcanism still plays an active role in shaping the Martian surface.

34. Video Games

A study of nearly 2,000 children found that those who reported playing video games for three hours per day or more performed better on cognitive skills tests involving impulse control and working memory compared to children who had never played video games.

35. Air pollution

Air pollution reduced when U.S. embassies around the world installed monitors and tweeted the readings. The resulting reductions in air pollution levels had large health benefits for residents in these cities, speaking to the potential efficacy of other monitoring and information interventions.

36. Vitamin D

Vitamin D deficiency is linked to premature death. Over a 14 year follow-up period, researchers found that the risk for death significantly decreased with increased vitamin D concentrations, with the strongest effects seen among those with severe deficiencies.

37. Ozone Pollution

China’s war on particulate air pollution is causing more severe ozone pollution. According to the new research, there was so much particulate matter in the smog around Chinese cities that it helped to quell ozone production by acting as a sponge that collected chemical radicals.

38. Affordable Childcare

Over the longer term, higher educational institutions are supported to either provide on- campus nursery space or work with established local nurseries to provide affordable childcare for students and staff. This should be a standard for all universities and should be supported by the government to help universities, students and staff cover the costs.

39. Carbon

Carbon is essential to life on earth, but scientists still struggle to grasp its complexities. Most research to date has focused on major sources of the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide, and the use of fossil fuels. A new study has come to the counter-intuitive conclusion that plants might accumulate more carbon in the presence of predators and herbivores.

40. Almonds

Eating a handful of almonds a day significantly increases the production of butyrate, a short chain fatty acid that promotes gut health. Whole almond eaters had an additional 1.5 bowel movements per week compared to the other groups. Eating almonds could also benefit those with constipation.

41. Reserve Bank

Most people do not realise that some banks literally make money by giving loans without having money on deposit. The system is called fractional reserve banking and is used in most economies. It sounds as though it is safe because it says that banks have to keep a fraction of their deposits with the Reserve Bank.

42. Subject Outlines

Your subject outlines are a good place to go to find information about which textbooks to buy. You will usually be given one of these for each subject in the first lecture, but if you are missing one or need one earlier then you should contact the subject coordinator.

43. Undergraduates

The most obvious change is that 46% of college undergraduates are now women. When I went there, it was only in the third year that women had been admitted, and then seemingly grudgingly: about 70% of students were male, and if there was a woman tutor she must have been a male impersonator.

44. Global Changes

Globalisation refers to a set of changes rather than a single change. Many of these changes are social, cultural and political rather than purely economic, and one of the main drivers in addition to the global marketplace is the communication revolution.

45. Property Right

A common way of permitting others to use an intellectual property right is to give express permission for it. This can be done in return for financial remuneration. In such cases, the holder of an intellectual property right is often referred to as granting a licence to use what the holder otherwise has exclusive rights to, subject to certain conditions.

46. Home Fencing

The benefits of home fencing are not only as a barrier between the area of the house and the surrounding environment. In simple words, a fence is a formation or structure that is above the ground and is generally vertical, with the intention of limiting an area or area, protecting everything inside the fence, from threatening danger from outside the fence.

47. Flash Floods

Many floods take hours to come into full effect so they provide people with time to evacuate safely while salvaging as many of their valuable possessions as they can. Sometimes, however, floods generate in minutes and give little warning to their formation. These are known as flash floods, and can be extremely dangerous. Flash floods are the top one weather-related cause of death in the United States.

48. Supermassive Black Hole

Astronomers announced that they have finally assembled an image of the supermassive black hole at the centre of our galaxy. This image shows a bright ring surrounding the darkness, the telltale sign of the shadow of the black hole. It reveals the turbulent, twisting region immediately surrounding the black hole in new detail.

49. What We Want

We want a recreation in adulthood of what it felt like to be administered to and indulged. In a secret part of our minds, we picture someone who will understand our needs, bring us what we want, to be immensely patient and sympathetic to us, act selflessly, and make it all better.

50. Independent Assessors

The committee would also like to express its gratitude to the independent assessors who joined the committee for consideration of each case. Their expertise and advice play a vital role in our work. A list of independent assessors who attended meetings during this reporting year is included at Appendix D.

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51. Your Thesis

It is normally expected that the final version of your thesis which must be submitted to the university library in both hardcopy and electronic form will be freely available to the public. Once in the library, your thesis may be consulted, borrowed and copied in accordance with the regulations.

52. Raccoons

Environmental, individual and social traits of free-ranging raccoons influence performance in cognitive testing. Shy raccoons are better learners than bold ones, a result that has implications for our relationship with urban wildlife.

53. Central Idea

The central idea of this book concerns our blindness with respect to randomness, particularly the large deviations: why do we, scientists or nonscientists, hotshots or regular Joes, tend to see the pennies instead of the dollars? Why do we keep focusing on the minutiae, not the possible significant large events, in spite of the obvious evidence of their huge influence?

54. Blinking

Every few seconds, our eyelids automatically shutter and our eyeballs roll back into their sockets. So why doesn’t blinking plunge us into intermittent darkness and light? New research shows that the brain works extra hard to stabilise our vision despite our fluttering eyes. When our eyeballs roll back in their sockets during a blink, they don’t always return to the same spot when we reopen our eyes.

55. Climate Effects

Changes in climate effect, for example, the plant and animal life of a given area. The presence of coal beds in North America and Europe along with evidence of glaciation in these same areas indicates that they must have experienced alternately warmer and colder climates than they now possess.

56. Political Scholars

Political scholars have historically recognised the social love of mass media. The impact of the mass media on the electric and governing process has greatly increased over the last fifty years. Tomorrow, the mass media will become the “central nervous system” for your society and the major source of public information.

57. Photorealistic Images

Using artificial intelligence, researchers can create photorealistic images from three- dimensional scenery, paving the way for better driving simulators and better testing of driverless cars.

58. Psychology

Psychology is the study of cognition, emotions, and behaviour. Psychologists are involved in a variety of tasks. Many spend their careers designing and performing research to understand how people behave in specific situations, how and why we think the way we do, and how emotions develop and what impact they have on our interactions with others.

59. Scottish Literature

Despite many similarities with literary-political debates in other nations, there are also ways in which the cultural and political situation in Scotland has left the study of Scottish Literature in a significantly different condition from that of literary studies in many other parts of the world.

60. Cultivated Language

In every cultivated language there are two great classes of words which, taken together, comprise the whole vocabulary. First, there are those words with which we become acquainted in daily conversation, which we learn that is to say, from the members of our own family and from our familiar associates, and which we should know and use even if we could not read or write.

61. Mosquito Diseases

To prevent mosquito transmitted diseases, approaches based on genetic control of insect populations are being developed. However, many of these strategies are based on highly invasive, self-propagating transgenes that can rapidly spread the trait into other populations of mosquitoes.

62. DBS

Deep brain stimulation (DBS) to the superolateral branch of the medial forebrain bundle (MFB), which is linked to reward and motivation, revealed metabolic brain changes over 12 months post-DBS implantation, making it a strong potential therapy for treatment resistant depression, according to researchers.

63. Space Telescope

James Webb Space Telescope was specifically designed to observe this light, which comes from some of the oldest galaxies to take form. How did early stars and galaxies take shape? What about the cosmic material that is undetectable, known as dark matter? Is there evidence for it in the early eons of the universe? These are some of the perplexing and fascinating questions that astronomers can begin unravelling with Webb.

64. Gut Microbiome

Research has shown that the gut microbiome is important for human physiology and health. Disturbances to the composition of the gut microbiome can be associated with chronic diseases such as gastrointestinal inflammatory disorders, neurological, cardiovascular and respiratory illnesses. The human body has evolved strategies to ensure that a symbiotic relationship exists between the microbes in our gut and our cells.

65. Mice and Temperatures

Cool room temperature inhibited cancer growth in mice: mice acclimatised to temperatures of 4°C had significantly slower tumour growth and lived nearly twice as long compared with mice in rooms of 30°C because they were burning more brown fat.

66. Home Design

One of the major factors influencing future home design will be the probable change in climate, with hotter summers, colder winters, and the possibility of floods. Consequently, houses will be built with better insulation and will also need ways of keeping cool in hot weather, whether that’s air conditioning or more shading of windows.

67. Dyes and Pigments

The dyes and pigments available in any particular period in which a specific colour photographic process was invented, manufactured and used have profound effects on the quality of colour that defines most of the style and particular historical period.

68. Immune Vigilance

The problem is that increased immune vigilance has a side effect: allergies. Our speculation is that this is some kind of trade-off. In the past you needed to resist some kind of pathogen, and the trade-off or sacrifice you have to make is increased responsiveness to nonpathogenic allergens. So next time some of you get the springtime sniffles, blame your distant ancestor – the one with the heavy brow ridge.

69. Nikola Tesla

As the inventor of alternating current technology, Nikola Tesla played a paramount role in the electricity used to power the entire world. Tesla also worked diligently on a dream of supplying electrical power without wires. Thomas Edison was also instrumental in shaping society today with his inventions. Edison’s design of the inside of the light bulb was the crucial key to making a light that would stay lit for hours instead of going out almost immediately.

70. Japan

Japan is the world’s calculator superpower. Japanese manufacturers have led sales of calculators for over 30 years in many countries. Even in the age of personal computers, calculators are still essential in accounting jobs. In addition, calculators with graphing capabilities have begun to be used in education.

71. Mediterranean Diet

Countries bordering the Mediterranean have built up a solid reputation for sunshine and great tasting food, as well as impressive health statistics featuring some of the lowest rates of heart disease and increased life expectancy. This has created a lot of attention towards the Mediterranean diet, which is not a typical weight loss diet, but more of a set of habits.

72. Cloud Seeding

Cloud seeding, a form of weather modification, is a way of attempting to change the amount of precipitation that comes from clouds. Cloud seeding is carried out by dispersing substances into the air, but it also occurs due to ice nucleates in nature, most of which are bacterial in origin.

73. Amphibians

Whether salamander frog or toad, amphibians are some of the most diverse and far- flung animals on the planet. However, they’re disappearing, and experts are worried since frogs are considered bellwethers for the environment. Their double life makes them unique. It’s through their skin that they breathe and drink water because their skin is so permeable.

74. Bone Loss

Based on the results from this study, we hypothesised that a high-protein diet coupled with low carbohydrate intake would be beneficiary for prevention of bone loss in adults. However, randomised clinical trials or longitudinal studies are needed to further assessed our findings.

75. Neutron Stars

Neutron stars – the compressed remains of massive stars gone supernova – are the densest “normal” objects in the known universe. (Black holes are technically denser, but far from normal.) Just a single sugar-cube worth of neutron-star material would weigh 100 million tonnes here on Earth, or about the same as the entire human population.

76. Era of Mayan

The Classic Era of Mayan came to an end around 900 AD. Why this happened is unclear; the cities were probably over-farming the land, so that a period of drought led to famine. Recent geological research supports this, as there appears to have been a 200-year drought around this time.

77. Industry or Workplace

An industry or workplace often has its own terms for certain items, places, or groups of people, and university is no different. Here we have attempted to explain some of the terms you may come across on our websites that are specific to higher education.

78. Major Conclusion

Our major conclusion is that the current measure needs to be revised. It no longer provides an accurate picture of the differences in the extent of economic poverty among population groups or geographic areas of the country, nor an accurate picture of trends over time.

79. Book Structure

Any writer must decide upon the order and structure of a book in keeping with the reflexive nature of the work. There are strong currents of reiteration in the book, with each iteration developing understandings of research, theory, and practice as the story continues to unfold.

80. Noise Restrictions

The noise restrictions are based on measurements on animals in captivity exposed to noise levels that induce a temporary threshold shift (TTS) in hearing. The TTS onset threshold is the lowest noise exposure capable of inducing a small temporary reduction of hearing sensitivity, also known as auditory fatigue, with full recovery shortly after exposure.

81. Distance Learning

We understand that not everyone can put their job and other responsibilities on hold to study. That’s why our healthcare ethics and law master’s courses are available to study by distance learning, so you can fit gaining an academic qualification around your work and family.

82. Eagles

Neither golden eagles nor bald eagles are endangered species. The US bald eagle population has more than quadrupled since 2009, from around 72,000 to 317,000 birds. But the US golden eagle population is still relatively small – around 30,000 birds – and at risk of declining.

83. Dictionary

Written by ten eminent professors, it has been updated to reflect the shifts in sociological thought over the last five years, making it the most comprehensive, authoritative, and contemporary dictionary available. It was essential reading for all students and teachers of sociologies and other related courses, and also for the general reader.

84. Growing Star

A super-computer simulation by an international team of researchers has shown the formation of a rapidly growing star from supersonic gas streams in the early universe left over from the Big Bang. The star ends its life with catastrophic collapse to leave a black hole with a mass of 34,000 times that of the Sun.

85. Medical Digitalization

In medicine, the application of information technology means the digitalization of medical records and the establishment of an intelligent network for sharing those records. Other benefits flow from these technological changes. In the past medicine has taken a paternalistic stance, with the all-knowing physician dispensing wisdom, but that is becoming increasingly untenable.

86. Central Aim

Our central aim is to enable you to develop knowledge, attitudes and skills that are conducive to constructive involvement, cooperation and teamwork with others and will serve you well in future endeavours. To succeed, the process demands all of us a serious exercise in civic responsibility.

87. Graduate Admission School

Since our graduate admission school is not centralised, each of the university’s 6 schools and colleges admits students to its own programmes. For information about specific programme degrees, graduate applications, graduate admission requirements and procedures, graduate scholarships and status of your application, visit the individual school websites.

88. Information Session

The information session is a 45-minute presentation conducted by an admission representative. Immediately following the session is a 90-minute walking tour of the campus led by a student ambassador. Walking tours of the campus generally include classroom buildings, a residence hall room, a dining hall, the library, athletic facilities, performing art facilities, and the student union.

89. Infants

Along with all that they have in common, infants also show unique individual traits. Some are more active than others, some are more sociable and some are more interested in the world around them. Infants earlier on show consistent differences in friendliness and anxiety levels which form part of their early character.

90. Mature Trees

The wonderful framework of mature trees creates a secluded implants atmosphere that unites a great variety of plantings to inspire visitors in all seasons. Spring in the garden is marked by flipping up and flowering of trees and the eruption of the flowers in the pulp of needle, and woodland understory.

91. Immunology

In the spirit of comparative immunology, Baker and her colleagues looked at how another mammal – the black flying fox, a type of bat – handles infections. They sequenced its immunity genes, and observed the immune response in normal bat cells. And they found that, unlike us – the bats always have interferons on patrol. Meaning the proteins do not wait to be activated by invaders. And the researchers say that this constant state of high alert may be why bats can carry Ebola, Nipahvirus, and a whole lot of other infections with no symptoms at all.

92. Overtime Hours

Japan’s Parliament tightened limits on overtime hours, responding to concerns about karoshi , or death by overwork, and seeking to improve productivity in a country where long hours are more a custom than business necessity.

93. Antarctic

The world’s fifth largest continent: Antarctica is almost entirely covered by ice 2000 meters thick. The area sustains varied wildlife including seals, wales, and penguins. The Antarctic treaty signed in 1959 and enforced since In 1961 provides for international governance of Antarctica.

94. Undergraduates

Undergraduates may choose to major in any one of 125 academic majors. The universities distinguished faculty includes internationally known scientists, authors and teachers who are committed to continuing the university’s tradition in providing one of the highest quality undergraduate educations available.

95. Loggerhead Turtle

It’s time for this young loggerhead turtle to go to work. We can tether turtles in these little cloth harnesses, put them into this tank and dull swimming place. University of North Carolina biologist Ken Loman studies sea turtles that are programed from birth for an extraordinary journey. Mother turtles buried the eggs on the beach and then returned to the sea and the eggs hatch about 50 to 60 days later.

96. Globalization Benefits & Disadvantages

The benefits and disadvantages of globalization are the subject of ongoing debate. The downside to globalization can be seen in the increased risk for the transmission of diseases. Globalization has of course led to great good, too. Richer nations now can come to the aid of poorer nations in crisis. Increasing diversity in many countries has meant more opportunity to learn about and celebrate other cultures.

97. Agricultural Science

While advances in agricultural science have always been critical to ensuring we help feed the world, its impact and importance is even greater now, as population grows at a rapid rate and the availability of arable land steadily declines. Science and technology solutions are essential to meeting growing demand for food, maintaining market competitiveness and adapting to and mitigating risks.

98. Interdisciplinarity

Interdisciplinarity refers to a method that merges traditional educational concepts in order to arrive at new approaches. It is an increasingly important concept within both academic research and the private sector. More than just pasting together different subjects, interdisciplinary work is the process of developing an integration of methods that are traditionally thought of as separate fields.

99. Paraphrasing

We define paraphrasing as putting a passage from an author into your own words. However, what are your own words? How different must your paraphrase be from the original? The answer is it should be considerably different. The whole point of paraphrasing is to show you have read and understood another person’s ideas and can summarize them in your own writing style rather than borrowing their phrases. If you just change a few words or add some bits of your own to an otherwise reproduced passage, you will probably be penalized for plagiarism. You should aim to condense and simplify a writer’s ideas and describe them using different sentence structures and expressions.

100. Language Diversity

Despite a number of events in recent years devoted to language diversity, language endangerment, and multilingualism, such as the International Year of Languages, public awareness of the issues is still remarkably limited. Only one in four of the population know that half the languages of the world are so seriously endangered that they are unlikely to survive the present century.

101. Orchestras

The advantage of the great European and American orchestras is that they were able to establish their iconic status in an age when their identity could become entrenched, there was less competition and it was easier to create a brand. Not only did they have the best halls, they attracted the best musicians, who tended to stay put.

102. Voluntary Projects

For graduates looking to give something back, volunteering, either in the UK or overseas, is a popular option, voluntary projects can cost anything from nothing up to a few thousand pounds, and with that in mind, it is essential to look into the project carefully before signing on the dotted line.

103. Hunter-gatherer

The life of a hunter – gatherer is indeed, as Thomas Hobbes said of the state of nature, ‘solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short’. In some respects, to be sure, wandering through the jungle bagging monkeys may be preferable to the hard slog of subsistence agriculture.

104. Tissues and Organs

Tissues are grouped together in the body to form organs. These include the brain, heart, lungs, kidneys, and liver. Each body organ has a specific shape and is made up of different types of tissue that work together. For example, the heart consists mainly of a specialized type of muscle tissue, which contracts rhythmically to provide the heart’s pumping action.

105. The Assembly

The Assembly also decided that, at that special session, it would adopt a concise and action – oriented political declaration, agreed upon in advance by consensus through intergovernmental negotiations under the auspices of the Conference.

106. Poor Background

The survey found that the statistical chances of someone from a poor background being accepted at one of the country’s most respected universities are far lower than those of a student from a wealthy family. This means that the inequalities in society are likely to be passed down from one generation to the next.

107. Effective Regulations

There is every reason to believe that effective regulations are not merely a luxury that only the rich can afford, but an important foundation for a thriving private sector and economic growth. But the broad pattern of the past five years has been that the main reform efforts are taking place in rich countries.

108. Rise in Demand

Quite obviously, a significant rise in the number of people in a given area or country will affect the demand for a whole host of goods and services. Note that a change in the structure of the population will increase the demand for some goods but reduce the demand for others.

109. Plato

Plato often explores the father – son relationship and whether a father’s interest in his sons has anything to do with how well his sons turn out. A boy’s social identity in ancient Athens was determined by his family identity, and Plato often refers to his characters in terms of their parental and fraternal relationships. Socrates was not a family man and considered himself as his mother’s son.

110. Children

Children as young as 14 months old will spontaneously help others for no reward. But a study of 3 to 5 year olds found that, although they would spontaneously draw pictures, if they were given a reward for drawing pictures, then later they wouldn’t make any drawings unless a reward was offered.

111. Landscape

Yet this landscape, which appeared so alien and confronting to the white settlers and explorers, had been home for thousands of years to Indigenous Australians for whom the plains, ranges, and deserts were a sustaining, spiritual and integral part of their existence.

112. Aquaculture

Aquaculture, also known as aquafarming, is the farming of aquatic organisms such as fish, crustaceans, molluscs, and aquatic plants. Aquaculture involves cultivating freshwater and saltwater populations under controlled conditions.

113. Conscientiousness

Conscientiousness is a fundamental personality trait. A conscientious person is good at self – regulation and impulse control. This trait influences whether you will set and keep long – range goals, deliberate over choices, behave cautiously or impulsively, and take obligations to others seriously.

114. Delta Variant

As the Delta variant of coronavirus sweeps the U.S businesses, universities and cities such as New York and San Francisco have introduced vaccine mandates to boost uptake of jabs. but vaccine hesitancy remains high and a cottage industry for bogus inoculation cards has emerged to help people get around the rules.

115. Universities of Europe

During the Early Modern period, the universities of Europe would see a tremendous amount of growth, productivity, and innovative research. At the end of the Middle Ages, about 400 years after the first European university was founded, there were twenty nine universities spread throughout Europe.

116. Earth’s Hottest Month

The Earth just had the hottest month in recorded history, and it’s even worse than normal. The record comes in a run of unprecedentedly hot months. Not only does it break through the all – time record set a year before, it also continues a now 10 – month long streak of months that are the -hottest ever, according to NASA data. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration calculates temperatures slightly different.

117. Soil

Soil is the top layer of the Earth’s surface, mostly created from weathered rock. It is made up of varying amounts of minerals, humus, or decayed organic matter, and useful living creatures like worms. The finest rock particles within soil – forms sticky clay, the medium particles become silt, and the coarsest constitute sand. While there is sufficient moisture, soil supports vegetation, providing a habitat for a variety of animals.

118. Pronunciation

Pronunciation is the way in which a word or a language is spoken. This may refer to generally agreed-upon sequences of sounds used in speaking a given word or language in a specific dialect (“correct pronunciation”) or simply the way a particular individual speaks a word or language.

119. Car-free Zone

To reduce pollution, it is essential that the town center becomes a car – free zone. A ring road should be built so that cars are diverted away from the town center. The main shopping streets could be converted into a pedestrianized area. If trees and flowers are planted, the town center will be transformed into a quiet and green space where residents can enjoy shopping and walking in a healthy environment.

120. Heart of World

Located at the heart of two world famous cities, Liverpool and London, Liverpool’s excellence in teaching, learning, and research, first – class facilities and outstanding support places the university in the top 1% of universities worldwide. The University of Liverpool will provide you with an inspiring student experience, in a diverse international community.

121. Bermuda Triangle

The Bermuda Triangle is a mythical section of the Atlantic Ocean roughly bounded by Miami, Bermuda, and Puerto Rico where dozens of ships and airplanes have disappeared. Unexplained circumstances surround some of these accidents, including one in which the pilots of a squadron of U.S. Navy bombers became disoriented while flying over the area; the planes were never found.

122. Ancient Athens

Plato often discusses the father – son relationship and the question of whether a father’s interest in his sons has much to do with how well his sons turn out. In ancient Athens, a boy was socially located by his family identity, and Plato often refers to his characters in terms of their paternal and fraternal relationships. Socrates was not a family man and saw himself as the son of his mother, who was apparently a midwife.

123. Japanese Tea Ceremony

Many non – Japanese know a thing or two about traditional tea ceremony, its history, intricacies and religious origins. However, few people outside Japan have a deep understanding of the esoteric meaning of the practice. Indeed, even in Japan, the secret meaning of tea ceremony is little understood except by those who have devoted their lives to the discipline.

124. Australia’s Bushfires

Smoke from Australia’s Black Summer bushfires of 2019 to 2020, which burnt through 18 million hectares of land, produced a phytoplankton bloom larger than the entire country of Australia located in the Southern Ocean.

125. Positive Pressure

It is quite normal to feel under pressure, and pressure can sometimes be a positive force: it can make us feel energized and take action to get results. But if the pressure becomes too much and we tip over into the feeling of being stressed, then it can have a negative impact on us and our health. However, stress is a very subjective phenomenon and it lacks a precise medical definition.

126. Microbe Reproduction

A microbe can either reproduce by dividing or it can conserve its energy and maintain only its most basic functions. One possibility is that in the unfavorable conditions under the South Pacific floor, the microbes could have been dividing very slowly over centuries. In this case, the microbes in the study may be the descendants of an even more distant past.

127. Fresh Water

In Abu Dhabi, where freshwater sources are very limited, sustainable water management is a high priority. The region receives on average just 120 millimeters of rainfall every year but the country is seeing demand for water increase by almost 40% annually. In this situation, it is clear that Abu Dhabi needs to boost the efficiency of water use by increasing water recycling.

128. Children’s Dream

As a child, you might dream one day of becoming an astronaut and, the next day, of becoming a ballet dancer the possibilities are endless. Eventually, this wealth of choice is whittled down by external circumstances and internal interests. Similarly, precursor cells in early embryos make a series of stepwise ‘decisions’ governed by external forces and internal factors to generate the diverse array of cell types present in adult organisms.

129. Sandra Lousada

London’s National Portrait Gallery is currently celebrating the fifty-year career of photographer Sandra Lousada. The twenty one portraits on display depict key figures in literature, film, and fashion from the early 1960s. Subsequent to the acquisition of forty portraits by Lousada, the display at The National Portrait Gallery highlights shots taken between 1960 and 1964, many of which feature in Lousada’s book Public Faces Private Places (2008). Formal commissioned portraits are shown alongside behind the scenes photographs taken on films sets and unguarded portraits of sitters captured at home.

130. Public Register

Britain said it will introduce the world’s first public register of the owners of foreign companies holding property in the country. The move comes in response to growing concern over tax evaders’ and money launderers’ use of shell companies to hide their identities. Most overseas companies that own property in London are registered in tax havens, particularly the British Virgin Islands.

131. Selective History

History is selective. What history books tell us about the past is not everything that happened, but what historians have selected. They cannot put in everything: choices have to be made. Choices must similarly be made about which aspects of the past should be formally taught to the next generation in the shape of school history lessons.

132. Introverts’ Thinking

As introverts are thinking, they reach back into long-term memory to locate information. An introvert will often compare old and new experiences when making a decision, which slows the processing down but leads to carefully thought-out decisions. This means that introverts have an active dialogue with themselves and usually walk around with many thoughts in their minds.

133. Biodiversity

We understand the importance of supporting and restoring biodiversity, and we are teaming up with the world’s leading molecular biologists, technologists, conservation biologists, conservation organizations, ethicists, and thought leaders to call for ‘Intended Consequences’ to help us safely use all of the available tools that can provide the advantage we need to turn the tide on species loss.

134. English Colonies

English colonies emerged along the eastern seaboard for a variety of reasons. People, primarily men, originally migrated to Virginia to find gold and silver to make a quick profit. After it became evident that there were no precious metals in the area, men came to Virginia to start cultivating cash crops like tobacco.

135. Sleep Behaviour

Sleep behaviour is also known as a sleep disorder. People with sleep disorder often talk or walk in their sleep. They are not aware of what they are talking about or where are they going. There isn’t any serious effects on the body in general but it may be connected to mental health. People with childhood traumas, unspeakable problem or depression are the ones with different sleep behaviour. There isn’t any specific cure for it yet as its a short time disorder that heals with time. If it’s not leaving the person and hurting in some way the person should see the doctor immediately.

136. Pace of Ageing

How quickly this occurs depends on the dynamics of fertility, mortality, and overseas migration. While a moderate pace of demographic change allows for gradual adjustment of the economy and policies to the changing population demographics, rapid changes are more difficult to manage. As a result, governments and society as a whole may need to take actions to address these issues. But how severe is the ageing of Australia’s population, relative to other countries?

137. Alzheimer’s Protein

Researchers have found a novel form of the Alzheimer’s protein tau in the fluid surrounding the brain and spinal cord. This form of tau – known as MTBR tau – indicates what stage of Alzheimer’s a person is in and tracks with tangles of tau protein in the brain.

138. Nature

Nature offers no greater splendor than the starry sky on a clear, dark night. Silent and jewelled with the constellations of ancient myth and legend, the night sky has inspired wonder throughout the ages a wonder that leads our imaginations far from the confines of Earth and the pace of present-day, out into boundless space and cosmic time itself.

139. Australian Mining Industry

Australia has one of the world’s most important mining industries. It is a major exporter of coal, iron ore, gold, and copper and is self sufficient in all minerals and bar petroleum. Since the first discoveries, the coal in 1798, mineral production has risen every year in the decade, and in 1992 it doubled.

140. Microbes

Investigators also compared those microbes with those living in 52 other soil samples taken from all around the planet. The park had organisms that also exist in deserts, frozen tundra, forests, rainforests, and prairies. Antarctica was the only area that had microbes that did not overlap with those found in central park. Only a small percentage of the park’s microbes were found to be already listed in databases.

141. Lincoln

Lincoln’s apparently radical change of mind about his war power to emancipate slaves was caused by the escalating scope of the war, which convinced him that any measure to weaken the Confederacy and strengthen the Union war effort was justifiable as a military necessity.

142. MBA

Exhilarating, exhausting and intense. They are just some of the words used to describe doing an MBA. Everyone’s experience of doing MBA is, of course, different through denying that it’s hard and a demanding work whichever course you do. MBA is one of the fastest-growing areas of studying in the UK so that must be a sustainable benefit against form in one pain.

143. The Planet

Just about everyone on the planet wears at least one article of clothing made from cotton at some point during the day, inevitably. By-products of the plant show up as well in something that a person is doing. The source of cotton’s power is its nearly terrifying versatility, and the durable creature comforts it provides.

144. Vanilla

The uniquely scented flavour of vanilla is second only to chocolate in popularity on the world’s palate. It’s also the second most expensive spice after saffron. But highly labour – intensive cultivation methods and the plant’s temperamental life cycle and propagation mean production on a global scale is struggling to keep up with the increasing demand for the product.

145. Tourism

Tourism is a challenging sector on which divides statistics since businesses serving tourists, also service local people. Therefore, it is not straightforward to estimate how much business sectors’ revenues and how many jobs are due to tourist expenditures.

146. Recycle

When we recycle, used materials are converted into new products, reducing the need to consume natural resources. If used materials are not recycled, new products are made by extracting fresh, raw material from the Earth, through mining and forestry. Recycling helps conserve important raw materials and protects natural habitats for the future.

147. Tesla’s Theoretical Work

Tesla’s theoretical work formed the basis of modern alternating current electric power systems. Thomas Edison promised him almost one million dollars in today’s money to undertake motor and generator improvement. However, when Tesla asked about the money, Edison reportedly replied: “Tesla, you don’t understand our American humour.” The pair became arch-rivals.

148. Domestic Work

Traditional divisions of domestic work are understood to persist because of the strong association of the home with humanity and paid work with masculinity – to challenge who does what in the home is arguably tantamount to challenge what it is to be a woman or a man.

149. Climate Change

This is what needs to happen on climate change: the world needs to put a price on carbon emissions and let the market respond. If politicians pretend this can be done without pain, it will probably result in another five to ten years of inaction.

150. Russia

Long isolated from Western Europe, Russia grew up without participating in shared developments like the Reformation. Russians took pride in their unique culture and found dubious value in foreign ideals. As a result, Russia is the most unusual member of the European family, if indeed it can be considered one at all. This question is still hotly debated, particularly amongst Russians.

151. The Japanese Tea

The Japanese tea ceremony is a ritual influenced by Buddhism in which green tea is prepared and served to a small group of guests in a peaceful setting. The ceremony can take as long as hours, and there are many traditional gestures that both the server and the guest must perform.

152. Semiconductor

The semiconductor industry has been able to improve the performance of electric systems for more than four decades by making ever-smaller devices. However, this approach will soon encounter both scientific and technical limits, which is why the industry is exploring a number of alternative device technologies.

153. Methodology

Certain types of the methodology are more suitable for some research projects than others. For example, the use of questionnaires and surveys is more suitable for quantitative research, whereas interviews and focus groups are more often used for qualitative research purposes.

154. Yellow

Cheerful sunny yellow is an attention getter. While it is considered an optimistic color, people lose their tempers more often in yellow rooms, and babies will cry more. It is the most difficult color for the eye to take in, so it can be overpowering if overused. Yellow enhances concentration, hence it is used for legal pads. It also speeds metabolism.

155. Pluto

Pluto lost its official status as a planet yesterday, when the International Astronomical Union downsized the solar system from nine to eight planets. Although there had been passionate debate at the IAU General Assembly Meeting in Prague about the definition of a planet – and whether Pluto met the specifications – the audience greeted the decision to exclude it with applause.

156. Himalayas

Although it hails from a remote region of the western Himalayas, this plant now looks entirely at home on the banks of English rivers. Brought to the UK in 1839, it quickly escaped from Victorian gardens and colonized river banks and damp woodlands. Now it is spreading across Europe, New Zealand, Canada and the US.

157. Annual Carbon Dioxide Emission

When countries assess their annual carbon dioxide emissions, they count up their cars and power stations, but bush fires are not included – presumably because they are deemed to be events beyond human control. In Australia, Victoria alone sees several hundred thousand hectares burn each year; in both 2004 and the present summer, the figure has been over 1 million hectares.

In conclusion, these PTE Read Aloud predictions are designed to give you a head start in your preparation.

While we strive to provide accurate and insightful predictions, it’s crucial to remember that the actual test may contain unexpected elements. Therefore, it’s essential to continue practicing a wide array of Read Aloud passages to enhance your overall fluency, pronunciation, and intonation.

We hope this post will serve as a valuable resource in your PTE Academic journey, and we wish you the best of luck in your exam!

Image Credits: Image by lookstudio on Freepik

Our Editorial Staff at IELTS Rewind provides exclusive tips, tricks, and IELTS material to help enhance your band score. They are an integral part of our team, dedicated to your IELTS success.

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