The growth of urban population in certain parts

IELTS Academic Writing Task 1

The chart below gives information about the growth of urban population in certain parts of the world including the prediction of the future.

Summaries the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.

Things you should know about Academic Writing Task 1:

  • You are asked to describe information presented in graph/ table/ chart/ diagram.
  • You have 20 minutes to finish the task and you have to write at least 150 words.
  • If you are asked to use the information presented in the graph you must be careful not to copy it.

In Academic Writing task 1, candidates are assessed on their ability to:

  • Organise, present and possibly compare data.
  • Describe the stages of a process or procedure.
  • Describe an object or event or sequence of events.
  • Explain how something works.

Model Answer :-

The given column graph depicts the increase in the percentage of urban population  in Africa, Asia, Latin America / Caribbean and the whole world from 1950 to 2000 and also gives predictions for 2030. It can be seen that population escalated in all given areas of the world and is expected to grow further.

In 1950, Latin America and the Caribbean had the maximum urban population, which constituted 42% of the total population. In contrast, Asia and Africa had much lesser people living in cities at 14% and 12% of the total population respectively. Just under a third of the population was of urbanites in the whole world in 1950.

In 2000, Africa and Asia saw an almost threefold increase in urban population. In both these areas city population became approximately 38% of the total. Latin America and the Caribbean had over two thirds of the population in cities. However, the whole world had almost equal number of rural and urban people in 2000.

It is predicted that by 2030 the urban population will continue to grow in all areas by 10- 15%. Almost 80% of people in Latin America and Caribbean are expected to live in cities, whereas in the whole world the percentage of urbanites is estimated to be 60%.

Overall, it is clear that urban population has grown in all the given areas and is expected to grow in the future.

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