Scientific research should be the responsibility of governments

You should spend about 40 minutes on IELTS writing task 2.

Scientific research should be the responsibility of governments rather than commercial organizations. Do you agree or disagree with this statement?

Or

Scientific research should be carried out and controlled by the government rather than private companies. To you agree or disagree with this statement?

Give specific reason and explain them with examples from your own experience or knowledge.

You should write at least 250 words in IELTS writing task 2.

Question Overview

Topic : Development
Type : Opinion

Model Answer 1

Country growth and development depend upon its advancement in technology and scientific research. From few years, private organisations come forward and funding the scientific research and also control them. While there are some arguments in favour of scientific research by corporations, I agree with the statement that government should carry out various research works and I would outline the reasons why the government should responsible for research projects.

There are many reasons why the government should responsible for research work. First is, all scientific researches required much funding, so only the government is capable of providing financial support to various experimental projects. Second is, there is a high risk of project failure. If private organisation give money for the project and unfortunately it does not work correctly, then the whole company will be destroyed because the company do not have the strength to bear significant losses, but the government can cope up with the losses incurred. Moreover, another reason is, when the government funds the project, officers also give utmost security. They do not want to disclose any information because it can hamper national security. So the only government is capable of providing high security.

There are many private companies which want to do scientific research, but there are two significant dangers in this. It is an accepted fact that in this competition era every organisation wants to beat another one so for that they do all the work in a hurry and as the result project quality may be lost and it sometimes gives profit to the company but prove harmful for the public. So if the government permit private companies, then they must be strictly monitored by the government and set rules for them through which private organisation can produce a product or do research.

To conclude, after analysing all the aspects of the argument, it is not hard to see that the government funding of research is in the interests of the public, but if government permit private companies for research, then they have vigorous checks need to be in place to ensure future research is ethical and productive.

Model Answer 2

Scientific research plays a vital role in the advancement of a country. It is argued that research ought to be controlled and financed by the government, rather than private organisations or institutions. This essay agrees with the argument that the government should carry out various research functions in various fields and will outline the reasons why the government should be responsible for research projects.

There are several reasons to support my viewpoint. First, the government is capable of providing financial help to several research projects. Furthermore, if the project fails to achieve its objectives, the government has the resources to cope up with the losses incurred. Second, the main motive of the government in conducting research is public welfare. Thirdly, when government funds research activities, there is utmost security. They do not disclose any information that could hamper national security. That is why the government performs research and development in the sphere of the military.

When private businesses conduct research, their chief concern is protecting their interests. This explains why the study conducted by coffee companies or gum companies only highlights the advantages of their products. This is not the case when the government funds research. In cases like this, the final verdict is more likely to be unbiased.

In conclusion, after analysing the various aspects of the argument, it is not tough to see that the government financing of research is in the interests of the public. Private organisations, on the other hand, may have their vexed interests to protect.

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