You should spend about 40 minutes on IELTS writing task 2.
Over-fishing has become a very common practice in many countries. What do you think are the effects of over-fishing?
Give specific reason and explain them with examples from your own experience or knowledge.
You should write at least 250 words in IELTS writing task 2.
Topic : Environment
Type : Problems
Fish population in the seas and rivers are falling sharply due to overfishing this fact worries many Asian and European countries. Governments should have controlling policies so that the fish population may have a chance to replenish.
More importantly, fish are killed early, so they don’t live long enough to reproduce; as a result of the stock, it comes from doesn’t get a chance to recover. Scientists have been warning politicians about the disastrous effect of overfishing for years. Many of the popular species that were abundant in our rivers and seas several decades ago have slowly become a rarity, if not extinct. Fishermen tend to overfish for economic reasons. There are not enough adult fished to meet the demand, so fishers are catching the baby ones, and the government doesn’t have reliable surveillance to stop the baby fish killing.
Many market popular species of fish are the victim of overfishing and under-aged fishing. For instance, Hilsha, the national fish of Bangladesh, is facing an acute threat of overfishing, and the availability of adult Elisa has fallen dramatically. The average size of Elisa caught has also been reduced by almost 40% in the last two decades. Hilsa population has been reduced significantly due to overfishing. Most of the Hilsha fish is killed underaged before they become adult and many are killed before spawning.
Due to exhaustive and indiscriminate fishing, our rivers and canals are already void of fishes and many common fish species has become a rarity. As an effort to stop this, the government is trying to enforce a fishing policy that rivers and canals will be declared as reserved areas and commercial fishing will be banned in rivers and canals for next two years so that the young fishes can breed and replenish the stock. Meantime the affected fishermen will be offered alternate means to earn a livelihood.
To make any difference in the current practice, the government must take decisions to make radical changes.
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Effects of over-fishing has become a very common
- Removal of essential predators
- Poor coral reef health
- Growth of algae
- Unintended catches
- Threat to local food sources
- Financial losses
Solutions for over-fishing has become a very common
- Working with governments
- Helping developing countries
- The Marine Stewardship Council (MSC)
- Educating retailers
- Reducing subsidies
- More protected marine areas
- Labels for consumers
- Responsible farming