Describe An Invention That Has Changed How People Live

IELTS Speaking Part 2: IELTS Cue Card

Describe an invention that has changed how people live.

You should say:

What it is?
How has it changed people’s lives?
What benefits did it bring?
And explain if it is more important for older or younger people.

Note: You will have to talk about the topic for one to two minutes. You have one minute to think about what you are going to say. You can make some notes to help you if you wish.

Model Answer 1:

Well, Living in the 21st century, we come across new inventions every now and then. 

What it is?
But, the one that I highly appreciate is the invention of fibre optic. The reason behind the revolution in internet technology. Needless to say, today, we are surrounded with electronic gadgets with high-speed internet connectivity. At the same time, most works are done online, from ticket reservations to online shopping

However, in the past, it was not the case. Although computers were invented a long time ago but, data transmission was extremely slow and expensive. Even text information used to take a long time to get transferred; forget about audios and videos. 

What benefits did it bring? and How has it changed people’s lives?
But, a Sikh scientist Mr Narinder Singh Kapany, from my city, moved to America for his further research and invented fibre optic, which could transfer a huge amount of information in a fraction of seconds.

The credit goes to this amazing person who has made our lives extremely comfortable and enjoyable because today, 4G and 5G networks completely depend on his invention.

Sitting at our homes, we can watch Youtube videos, play online games, and make video calls on smartphones, and all is possible just because of Mr Kapany. He has been awarded by the government of America as well as India, and many believe he deserves Noble Prize. 

Unfortunately, Mr. kapany died a couple of years ago, which was a complete disaster. He would remain alive in the hearts of the people for his amazing and marvellous invention. I feel proud to tell others that he is from my region, as he has brought huge fame to the area. 

Overall, fibre optic is the invention that I think has changed the world

Model Answer 2:

There are so many things around us that we take for granted but make our lifestyle possible. For instance, could you imagine living a day without checking emails on your computer or walking around without your mobile phone?

Today, I would like to talk about an indention that changed people’s life.

What it is? and How has it changed people’s lives?
I am going to talk about the internet. The Internet has changed business, education, government, healthcare, and even how we interact with our loved ones—it has become one of the key drivers of social evolution. The changes in social communication are of particular significance.

Nowadays, children can attend online classes at home and it is only possible with the help of the internet. If we talk about the money transfer. The Internet makes this process more secure and fast.

People can transfer money from anywhere at any time. This invention also improves people’s performance and helps to increase business and worldwide level. It provides a video conferencing service through which people can do meeting with foreign people.

Last but not least, it is mainly popular among youngsters because young people use it not only for education but for entertainment. They watch the latest movies, songs and web series online.

I think it is more important for young people than older ones. Older people are habitual of using old methods of working so it is very difficult to adopt new methods.

On the other hand, the new generation is very habitual of it they can’t live without it.

Model Answer 3:


  • Life has progressed by leaps and bounds due to inventions in science.
  • Nearly every field in life has been impacted by some invention or the other.

What it is?

  • However, today I would like to talk about the invention which has had an impact on our entire life.
  • It is the internet.

How has it changed people’s lives?

  • Nearly everything we do has changed because of the internet.
  • The biggest difference has been on the way we communicate.
  • We can talk to anyone, anytime, and from anywhere.
  • Also, it is much easier to remain in contact with our friends and family members because of the internet.

What benefits did it bring?

  • Life has become faster as communication has become instantaneous.
  • Internet’s impact is not only limited to just communication.
  • It has made a difference to the way we shop, the way we learn and the way we seek healthcare.
  • We can access every luxury, sitting in the comforts of our home.
  • On the other hand, there have also been a few negatives of the internet.
  • Internet has in some ways decreased respect for the elderly.
  • First, we don’t value them as much because we are not dependent upon them for advice or suggestions as in the past.
  • We can search for anything online.
  • If we don’t know anything, we don’t need to ask anyone, we can just simply search it online.

And explain if it is more important for older or younger people.

  • This is making us independent, but at the same time making our grandparents and parents feel like they are losing their importance.
  • Secondly, because they are not that comfortable with use of computers and the internet, they haven’t been benefited as much as the young one’s have.
  • Slowly, everything is moving online and the old people are finding it challenging to adapt because of this.

IELTS Speaking Part 3 : Follow up Questions

Here some examples of follow up questions that you may asked during your speaking part 3 by examiner related to cue card “describe an invention that has changed how people live”.

Q1. How has technology made our life easier?
Different technologies have made our lives easier in different ways. However, in effect, most technologies reduce our labour and save us valuable time, thus improving our quality of life considerably. They also in a way reduce our need on others because we can do everything on our own.

Q2. Which invention do you think is the most useful at home?
I think it’s very hard to choose one. It really depends upon the person and their use. For example, I find dishwashers as very useful because in my house, I have the responsibility of washing utensils. For my mother the answer might be the vacuum cleaner as she is responsible for cleaning.

Q3. Is it more difficult for old people to accept new technologies?
I think change is difficult for everyone, and the difficulty increases with age because the time we spend accustomed to something also increases as we grow older. I think rather than looking at it as a problem, we should be focusing on ways to making it easier for our elders to accept them.

Q4. What can be done to help old people learn to make use of new technologies?
Many steps can be taken to encourage the use of new technologies. Firstly, these big technology companies can organise seminars where older people can be taught about use of latest gadgets. I remember when my mother first bought a laptop, she was offered a free two hour session on its use for the whole week. At the end of the week, she knew many things, I didn’t. Secondly, family members can also be helpful in helping their parents and grandparents when they are finding something difficult.

Q5. Will our life be better if we live without technology?
Technology has improved our life in many ways but it has also brought many challenges. Life would certainly be simpler, but I wouldn’t call it better. Moreover, I think we have become so accustomed to technology just the idea of living without it is unfathomable.

Important Vocabularies:

1. Fibre optic

A type of technology that uses thin strands of glass or plastic to transmit data in the form of light signals.

The installation of fibre optic cables improved the internet speed in our neighborhood, enabling us to stream movies and download large files quickly.

2. Revolution

A sudden and significant change or transformation.

The Industrial Revolution in the 18th century brought about the mechanization of production processes and transformed societies worldwide.

3. Disaster

A sudden event causing great damage or suffering.

The earthquake resulted in a disaster, causing the collapse of buildings and the loss of many lives.

4. Fame

Widespread recognition and reputation for achievements or success.

The singer’s debut album gained instant fame and topped the charts in multiple countries.

5. Take for granted

To not fully appreciate or value something because it is always available or easily accessible.

We often take for granted the convenience of having clean drinking water readily available at our homes.

6. Habitual

Done or experienced as a habit or regular practice.

She is a habitual early riser and starts her day with a morning jog.


Image : Photo by Maria Teneva on Unsplash

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